Home Electrical Safety - Part 1


Homes, both new and old, should be reviewed for electrical problems in order to avoid safety problems. Repairing these issues as soon as possible, even before you move in if the house is ‘new to you’ will save you money and keep your family free of electrical safety hazards.

There is nothing quite like the hope and excitement of home ownership, whether your purchase is an older home, or in a new housing development. One of the first things you'll want to do when you buy a house is to make an inventory list of electrical issues and problems to bring to the attention of your electrician. If you didn’t have a home inspection, or if you didn’t read your home inspection report, do it yourself insofar as you can. It's much easier to see problems before your sofa or buffet hide them. Plus, it’s more convenient to have an electrician take care of your electrical needs before you move in. (But if you have already been living in your home for a while, this is a great review!)

The checklist

Before you start, consider your family and their needs and desires. Now is the perfect time to add lights, an electrical outlet in the master bedroom, heated flooring in the master bath or move the wiring to a convenient location for the internet hub if it’s in an undesirable place. Here are some of the things you'll want to check. Keep your eyes open for items which may not be included in this list.

Light switches and dimmers

Check the light and dimmer switches. If any of them are hot, it means electricity has built up in the switch; shut it off and call an electrician immediately. Note: a dimmer switch will be warmer if you have it to the darker setting, however, it should never be hot or smoke. Also, the old dimmer switches don't play nice with LED lights, so if you plan on using those and want to be able to dim them, you'll need the LED-compatible dimmer switch.


Examine the outlets in each room of the house. You’re checking to see that all the receptacles are three-prong, that all outlets and switches have a switch plate covers and that they are in a convenient position in relation to where you want your furniture. They shouldn't wobble or move when you plug something in, either.

If you need new outlets, consider upgrading some of them to include USB ports. You can find them here.

Switchplate and outlet covers

Sometimes homeowners buy decorative switchplate or outlet covers, and then remove and take them when they move, which means you need to replace them. You should do this right away for two reasons: first, it keeps moisture from getting into the wires. Second, it keeps you or your family members from getting an electrical shock.

Light fixtures


The next thing you want to check for is light fixtures. First, make sure that the ceiling-mounted fixtures are secure, and then check the wattage and bulbs. It’s possible that the former owners put a higher wattage bulb in their light fixtures than they were safely designed to handle. (Realtor’s trick: brightly lit homes sell faster.) It only takes a few minutes to make sure this is not the case. Do you like the fixtures? What about ceiling fans? Under counter lighting in the kitchen is always a great value.


Check the range hood fan and lights, the garbage disposal, the built-in microwave oven to be confident they’re working. The outlets within six feet of the sink must be GFCI outlets.

In our next blog, we'll continue our new home electrical inspection by highlighting safety issues and outdoor electrical inspection.

Zimmerman Electric is here to serve your residential and commercial electrical needs throughout the Phoenix Valley metro area. Call us today if you need electrical work performed 602-497-3365.